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Words of Wisdom

Proofread your paper in addition to running spell check. Colombia is a country in South America; Columbia is a river in Missouri. Likewise, Chile is a country in South America; chili is something you eat. Spell check will not catch the Untied States of America, revolutionary pheasants or gorilla fighters. Pinochet was not a muppet of the USA. I may be amused, but you will lose points for sloppy writing.

— Maria Escobar-Lemmon

Transitions give your writing coherence. They’re like road signs, guiding readers through your thoughts. Below are some common transitions, categorized by the type of relationship they describe. While the examples within each category are similar, they are NOT interchangeable. Be sure the transition you’re using suits your meaning.

Categories of Transitions

Sequence
again, finally, also, and, and then, besides, furthermore, last, moreover, next, still, too, and ordinal numbers such as first, second, third 

Time
after a bit, after a few days, after a while, afterward, as long as, as soon as, at last, at length, at that time, before, earlier, immediately, in the meantime, in the past, lately, later, meanwhile, now, presently, shortly, simultaneously, since, so far, soon, then, thereafter, until, when

Comparison
again, also, in the same way, likewise, once more, similarly

Contrast
although, but, despite, even though, however, in contrast, in spite of, instead, nevertheless, nonetheless, notwithstanding, on the contrary, on the one hand…on the other hand, regardless, still, though, yet

Example
after all, even, for example, for instance, indeed, in fact, of course, specifically, such as, the following example, to illustrate

Cause and Effect
accordingly, as a result, because, consequently, for this purpose, hence, so, then, therefore, thereupon, thus, to this end

Place
adjacent to, below, beyond, closer to, elsewhere, far, farther on, here, near, nearby, opposite to, there, to the left, to the right

Concession
although it is true that, granted that, I admit that, it may appear that, naturally, of course

Summary, Repetition, or Conclusion
as a result, as has been noted, as I have said, as we have seen, as mentioned earlier, in any event, in conclusion, in other words, in short, on the whole, therefore, to summarize



Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs 3.0 Unported License. You may reproduce it for non-commercial use if you use the entire handout and attribute The University Writing Center, Texas A&M University.

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